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facing addiction in america

facing addiction in america

executive-summary Read more about disorders, misuse, addiction, disorder, … Executive and Technical Summary [pdf] – Crown North America.
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Adolescent Sexual Minority Girls Are at Elevated Risk for Use of Multiple Substances.

Sexual minority youth, especially girls, are at risk for alcohol, cigarette, and marijuana use when these substances are examined individually. However, little is known about concurrent use of these substances (i.e., three-substance use) in relation to sexual orientation. The present study compared profiles of past year alcohol, cigarette, and marijuana use between SMGs and heterosexual girls. In
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Social Support Indirectly Predicts Problem Drinking Through Reduced Psychological Distress.

The experience of psychological distress can contribute to problem drinking in young adults. Social support can protect against the development of distress and thus may indirectly minimize problem drinking. To test a model of problem drinking in young adults based on the concepts of social support and psychological distress. A two-wave panel study was conducted over the course of one year, during
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Comparative Effectiveness of Smoking Cessation Medications to Attenuate Weight Gain Following Cessation.

To compare the postcessation weight gain following the use of different FDA-approved smoking cessation medications among obese smokers. A retrospective cohort study was conducted using the General Electric (GE) electronic medical record database (2006-2011). The cohort consisted of obese adult smokers newly initiating use of an FDA-approved smoking cessation medication (i.e., bupropion vs. vareni
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Alcohol Expectancies Mediate the Relationship Between Age of First Intoxication and Drinking Outcomes in College Binge Drinkers.

Conclusions/Importance: These findings are consistent with expectancy theory and previous research suggesting that more experienced drinkers hold stronger drinking-related beliefs, be it positive or negative, and these expectancies ultimately explain variability in alcohol use and problems. Our findings further support that expectancies play an important role in the initiation of drinking behavior
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