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Substance abuse and crime: considerations for a comprehensive forensic assessment – Esbec E, Echeburúa E.

Substance abuse and crime: considerations for a comprehensive forensic assessment – Esbec E, Echeburúa E.

There is a strong link between drug use and crime, but this relationship is complex. Drug use does not necessarily lead to an increase in crimes, such as theft, rape or assault, even among regular users or addicts. However, in cases of individuals who consume drugs excessively and commit crimes, both factors are linked. Poverty, personality disorders, social and cultural variables, relationships
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Risk Factors for Driving After and During Marijuana Use.

Use of marijuana before or while driving significantly contributes to driving impairment and elevated risk of motor vehicle accidents; however, this risk behavior is common among users. Little is known about the etiology of driving while under the influence of marijuana. Guided by social learning theory, this study examined marijuana outcome expectancies and other driving-related cognitions as pr
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Marijuana Use Predicts Cognitive Performance on Tasks of Executive Function.

CONCLUSIONS: These findings underscore the impact of early onset of marijuana use on executive function impairment independent of increased frequency and magnitude of use. In addition, poorer performance on the WCST may serve as a neuropsychological marker for heavy marijuana users. These results highlight the need for additional research to identify predictors associated with early marijuana use,
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Bidirectional Associations Between Cannabis Use and Depressive Symptoms From Adolescence Through Early Adulthood Among At-Risk Young Men.

CONCLUSIONS: Temporal patterns of cannabis use and depressive symptoms provide evidence for the cannabis effect but limited evidence for the self-medication hypothesis. Adolescents higher in depressive symptoms may be vulnerable to the adverse psychological effects of using cannabis. Results are discussed in terms of implications for basic research, prevention, and intervention.
PMID: 26997187
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Other- and Self-Directed Forms of Violence and Their Relationship With Number of Substance Use Disorder Criteria Among Youth Ages 12-17: Results From the National Survey on Drug Use and Health.

CONCLUSIONS: The identification of the combined self-/other-directed violence in the general population provides additional support for clinical studies that established associations between self- and other-directed violent behaviors. Prevention and treatment programs need to address both instances of violence and suicidality.
PMID: 26997186 [PubMed – in process] (Source: Journal of Studies on
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